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Renewable Energy in Power Systems

Renewable Energy in Power Systems

Authors
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Year 01/01/2020
Edition First
Pages 352
Version hardback
Readership level Professional and scholarly
Language English
ISBN 9781118649930
Categories Power networks, systems, stations & plants, Alternative & renewable energy sources & technology
$64.28 (with VAT)
249.00 PLN / €54.28 / £49.05
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Book description

With the growth in renewable energy (RE) generation installed capacity, many countries such as the UK are relying on higher levels of RE generation to meet targets for reduced greenhouse gas emissions. In the face of this, the integration issue is now of increasing concern, in particular to system operators. This updated text describes the individual renewable technologies and their power generation characteristics alongside an expanded introduction to power systems and the challenges posed by high levels of penetrations from such technologies. Features of this edition: Covers power conditioning, the characteristics of RE generators, with emphasis on their time varying nature, and the use of power electronics in interfacing RE sources to grids. Outlines up to date RE integration issues such as power flow in networks supplied from a combination of conventional and renewable energy sources. Update on the economics of power generation and the role of markets in delivering investment in sustainable solutions by specialist contributors. Considers the challenge of maintaining power balance in a system with increasing RE input, including recent moves toward power system frequency support from RE sources. Offers an insightful perspective on the shape of future power systems including offshore networks and demand side management. Worked examples enhance this edition s suitability as a textbook for introductory courses in RE systems technology. Firmly established as an essential reference, Renewable Energy in Power Systems, Second Edition will prove a real asset to engineers and others involved in both the growing power and renewables sector. This text should also be of particular benefit to students of electrical power engineering and will appeal to non-specialists through the inclusion of background material covering the basics of electricity generation.

Renewable Energy in Power Systems

Table of contents

Foreword xv


Preface to the First Edition xix


Preface to the Second Edition xxi


Acknowledgements xxiii


About the Companion Website xxv


1 Energy and Electricity 1


1.1 The World Energy Scene 1


1.1.1 History 1


1.1.2 World Energy Consumption 1


1.1.3 Finite Resources 2


1.1.4 Energy Security and Disparity of Use 3


1.2 The Environmental Impact of Energy Use 4


1.2.1 The Problem 4


1.2.2 The Science 5


1.2.3 The Kyoto Protocol 7


1.2.4 Economics of Mitigation 10


1.2.5 Efficient Energy Use 11


1.2.6 The Electricity Sector 14


1.2.7 Possible Solutions and Sustainability 15


1.3 Generating Electricity 16


1.3.1 Conversion from Other Energy Forms - The Importance of Efficiency 16


1.3.2 The Nuclear Path 17


1.3.3 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) 17


1.3.4 Renewables 18


1.4 The Electrical Power System 20


1.4.1 Structure of the Electrical Power System 20


1.4.2 Integrating Renewables into Power Systems 23


1.4.3 Distributed Generation 23


1.4.4 Renewable Energy Penetration 24


1.4.5 Network Stability 25


References 25


2 Features of Conventional and Renewable Generation 27


2.1 Introduction 27


2.2 Conventional Sources: Coal, Gas and Nuclear 28


2.3 Hydroelectric Power 29


2.3.1 Large-Scale Hydro 30


2.3.2 Small Hydro 31


2.3.2.1 Turbine Designs 32


2.4 Wind Power 33


2.4.1 The Resource 33


2.4.2 Wind Variability 34


2.4.3 Wind Turbines 37


2.4.4 Power Variability 40


2.4.4.1 Variability from Second to Second 40


2.4.4.2 Variability from Minute to Minute 41


2.4.4.3 Variability from Hour to Hour and from Day-to-Day 41


2.4.4.4 Seasonal Variability 42


2.4.5 Offshore Wind 42


2.5 PV and Solar Thermal Electricity 47


2.5.1 The Resource 47


2.5.2 The Technology 49


2.5.3 Photovoltaic Systems 49


2.5.4 Solar Thermal Electric Systems 52


2.6 Tidal Power 54


2.6.1 The Resource 54


2.6.2 Tidal Enhancement 54


2.6.2.1 Funnelling 54


2.6.2.2 Resonance 55


2.6.2.3 Coriolis Effect 55


2.6.3 Tidal Barrages 55


2.6.4 Operational Strategies 55


2.6.4.1 Power Variability 56


2.6.5 Tidal Current Schemes 57


2.7 Wave Power 59


2.7.1 The Resource 59


2.7.2 The Technology 59


2.7.3 Variability 60


2.8 Biomass 62


2.8.1 The Resource 62


2.8.2 Resource Sustainability 62


2.9 Summary of Power Generation Characteristics 63


2.10 Combining Sources 64


References 65


3 Power Balance/Frequency Control 67


3.1 Introduction 67


3.1.1 The Power Balance Issue 67


3.2 Electricity Demand 68


3.2.1 Demand Curves 68


3.2.2 Load Aggregation 69


3.2.3 Demand-Side Managemen

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