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Applied English Phonology

Applied English Phonology

Authors
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Year 01/04/2020
Edition First
Pages 336
Version paperback
Readership level Professional and scholarly
Language English
ISBN 9781119557449
Categories Phonetics, phonology, ELT: learning material & coursework, Teaching of a specific subject, Educational: English language: reading & writing skills
$54.67 (with VAT)
201.00 PLN / €44.82 / £38.51
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Book description

The new edition of the leading textbook for English applied phonetics and phonology A leading textbook for English Phonetics and Phonology, the fourth edition of Applied English Phonology is an accessible, authoritative introduction to the English sound system. Providing clear explanations and numerous illustrative examples, this new edition has been fully updated with the latest research and references. Detailed discussions of fundamental concepts of applied English phonology cover phonetic elements, phonemics, English consonants and vowels, stress and intonation, structural factors in second language phonology, and much more. Designed for students and professionals in both theoretical and applied linguistics, education, and communication sciences and disorders, this textbook contains new material throughout, including a new chapter introducing typical phonological development, patterns of simplification, and disordered phonology. Expanded sections explore topics such as contracted forms, issues in consonant and vowel transcription conventions, and regional dialects of American English. The essential introduction to phonetics and phonology, this textbook: Presents new and revised exercises, references, and recommended readings Covers developmental disorders relevant to the field of speech pathology Includes end-of-chapter passages that help students check their phonetic transcriptions Features an enhanced companion website which contains instructor resources and sound files for transcription exercises Written by an internationally recognized scholar and educator, Applied English Phonology, Fourth Edition is essential reading for anyone in applied phonetics and phonology courses, as well as students and practitioners in areas of language and linguistics, TESOL, and communication sciences and disorders.

Applied English Phonology

Table of contents

Preface to Fourth Edition x


Note to the Instructor xi


About the Companion Website xii


Abbreviations xiii


Chapter 1 Phonetics 1


1.1 Introduction 1


1.2 Phonetic Transcription 1


1.3 Description and Articulation of Sounds of English 4


1.3.1 The vocal tract 4


1.3.2 Voicing 5


1.3.3 Places of articulation 6


1.3.4 Manners of articulation 7


1.3.5 Voice onset time 9


1.3.6 Vowels and diphthongs 12


1.4 Additional Sounds 13


1.4.1 States of the glottis 13


1.4.2 Places and manners of articulation 14


1.4.3 Secondary articulations 16


1.4.4 Consonants made with non?pulmonic airstream mechanisms 18


1.4.5 Vowels 19


1.5 Cardinal Vowels 20


1.6 Syllables and Suprasegmentals 21


Summary 25


Exercises 25


Chapter 2 Phonology 31


2.1 Introduction 31


2.2 Complementary versus Overlapping Distribution 32


2.2.1 Overlapping distribution and contrast 32


2.2.2 Complementary distribution 34


2.3 Phonemic Analysis: A Mini?Demo 37


2.4 Free Variation 46


2.5 Morphophonology 47


2.6 Practical Uses of Phonological Analysis 49


Summary 52


Exercises 52


Chapter 3 English Consonants 58


3.1 Stops 58


3.2 Fricatives 64


3.3 Affricates 67


3.4 Nasals 68


3.5 Approximants 70


3.6 Sociophonetic Variation 72


Summary 74


Exercises 74


Chapter 4 English Vowels 79


4.1 Introduction 79


4.2 Vowel Set of American English 79


4.2.1 Phonetic properties of vowels 80


4.2.2 Tense-lax 81


4.2.3 Nasalized vowels 82


4.2.4 Length 82


4.2.5 Vowels before /??/ 83


4.2.6 Vowels before /l/ 84


4.3 Front Vowels 85


4.4 Central Vowels 86


4.5 Back Vowels 86


4.6 Diphthongs 87


4.7 Sociophonetic Variation 90


4.8 Non?US Varieties 91


4.9 Full Vowels-Reduced Vowels 93


4.10 Full (Strong) Forms versus Reduced (Weak) Forms of Function Words 95


Summary 97


Exercises 98


Chapter 5 Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants 102


5.1 Introduction 102


5.2 Spectrographic Analysis 104


5.3 Vowels and Diphthongs 105


5.4 Consonants 110


5.4.1 Obstruents 110


5.4.2 Sonorant consonants 118


5.5 Putting it Together 121


5.6 Waveform Analysis 124


5.7 Context 139


5.8 Practical Applications: Some Examples 141


Summary 144


Exercises 147


Chapter 6 Syllables 153


6.1 Introduction 153


6.2 Number of Syllables 156


6.3 Sonority 157


6.4 Syllabification 159


6.5 English Syllable Phonotactics 161


6.5.1 Single onsets 162


6.5.2 Double onsets 162


6.5.3 Triple onsets 164


6.5.4 Codas 165


6.5.5 Double codas 165


6.5.6 Triple codas 165


6.6 Written Syllabification 169


6.7 Syllable Weight and

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