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Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications

Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications

Autorzy
Wydawnictwo John Wiley & Sons
Data wydania 01/03/2011
Wydanie Pierwsze
Liczba stron 386
Forma publikacji książka w twardej oprawie
Poziom zaawansowania Dla szkół wyższych i kształcenia podyplomowego
Język angielski
ISBN 9780470519714
Kategorie Urządzenia i materiały elektroniczne
755.73 PLN (z VAT)
$194.61 / €166.93 / £152.78 /
Produkt na zamówienie
Dostawa 3-4 tygodnie
Ilość
Do schowka

Opis książki

Zinc Oxide (ZnO) powder has been widely used as a white paint pigment and industrial processing chemical for nearly 150 years. However, following a rediscovery of ZnO and its potential applications in the 1950s, science and industry alike began to realize that ZnO had many interesting novel properties that were worthy of further investigation. ZnO is a leading candidate for the next generation of electronics, and its biocompatibility makes it viable for medical devices. This book covers recent advances including crystal growth, processing and doping and also discusses the problems and issues that seem to be impeding the commercialization of devices. Topics include: * Energy band structure and spintronics * Fundamental optical and electronic properties * Electronic contacts of ZnO * Growth of ZnO crystals and substrates * Ultraviolet photodetectors * ZnO quantum wells Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications is ideal for university, government, and industrial research and development laboratories, particularly those engaged in ZnO and related materials research.

Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications

Spis treści

Series Preface xv Preface xvii List of Contributors xxi 1 Fundamental Properties of ZnO 1 T. C. Collins and R. J. Hauenstein 1.1 Introduction 1 1.1.1 Overview 1 1.1.2 Organization of Chapter 2 1.2 Band Structure 2 1.2.1 Valence and Conduction Bands 2 1.3 Optical Properties 5 1.3.1 Free and Bound Excitons 5 1.3.2 Effects of External Magnetic Field on ZnO Excitons 6 1.3.3 Strain Field 8 1.3.4 Spatial Resonance Dispersion 9 1.4 Electrical Properties 10 1.4.1 Intrinsic Electronic Transport Properties 10 1.4.2 n-type Doping and Donor Levels 11 1.4.3 p-type Doping and Dopability 13 1.4.4 Schottky Barriers and Ohmic Contacts 17 1.5 Band Gap Engineering 19 1.5.1 Homovalent Heterostructures 20 1.5.2 Heterovalent Heterostructures 22 1.6 Spintronics 22 1.7 Summary 25 References 25 2 Optical Properties of ZnO 29 D. C. Reynolds, C. W. Litton and T. C. Collins 2.1 Introduction 29 2.2 Free Excitons 29 2.3 Strain Splitting of the G5 and G6 Free Excitons in ZnO 35 2.4 Photoluminescence from the Two Polar Faces of ZnO 36 2.5 Bound-Exciton Complexes in ZnO 38 2.6 Similarities in the Photoluminescence Mechanisms of ZnO and GaN 46 2.7 The Combined Effects of Screening and Band Gap Renormalization on the Energy of Optical Transitions in ZnO and GaN 51 2.8 Closely Spaced Donor Acceptor Pairs in ZnO 55 2.9 Summary 58 References 58 3 Electrical Transport Properties in Zinc Oxide 61 B. Claflin and D. C. Look 3.1 Introduction 61 3.2 Hall-Effect Analysis 62 3.2.1 Single-Band Conduction 62 3.2.2 Two-Band Mixed Conduction 65 3.2.3 Conducting Surface Layers 66 3.3 Donor States and n-type Doping 66 3.3.1 Native Point Defects Donors 68 3.3.2 Substitutional Donors 69 3.4 Hydrogen 69 3.5 Acceptor States and p-type Doping 70 3.5.1 Native Point Defects Acceptors 71 3.5.2 Substitutional Acceptors 72 3.6 Photoconductivity 76 3.7 Summary 78 References 78 4 ZnO Surface Properties and Schottky Contacts 87 Leonard J. Brillson 4.1 Historical Background of Schottky Contacts on ZnO 87 4.1.1 ZnO Surface Effects 88 4.1.2 Early Schottky Barrier Studies 90 4.2 Recent Schottky Barrier Studies 91 4.2.1 Surface Cleaning in Vacuum 91 4.2.2 Surface Cleaning Effects on Impurities and Defects 92 4.3 The Influence of Surface Preparation on Schottky Barriers 93 4.4 The Influence of Defects on Schottky Barriers 97 4.5 Th

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