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SPSS Statistics For Dummies

SPSS Statistics For Dummies

Autorzy
Wydawnictwo John Wiley & Sons Inc
Data wydania 08/10/2020
Liczba stron 480
Forma publikacji książka w miękkiej oprawie
Poziom zaawansowania Dla profesjonalistów, specjalistów i badaczy naukowych
ISBN 9781119560838
Kategorie Prawdopodobieństwo i statystyka, Oprogramowanie matematyczne i statystyczne
201.00 PLN (z VAT)
$54.67 / €44.82 / £38.51 /
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Opis książki

The fun and friendly guide to mastering IBM's Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Written by an author team with a combined 55 years of experience using SPSS, this updated guide takes the guesswork out of the subject and helps you get the most out of using the leader in predictive analysis. Covering the latest release and updates to SPSS 27.0, and including more than 150 pages of basic statistical theory, it helps you understand the mechanics behind the calculations, perform predictive analysis, produce informative graphs, and more. You'll even dabble in programming as you expand SPSS functionality to suit your specific needs. Master the fundamental mechanics of SPSS Learn how to get data into and out of the program Graph and analyze your data more accurately and efficiently Program SPSS with Command Syntax Get ready to start handling data like a pro-with step-by-step instruction and expert advice!

SPSS Statistics For Dummies

Spis treści

Introduction 1


About This Book 1


About the Fourth Edition 2


Foolish Assumptions 2


Icons Used in This Book 3


Beyond the Book 3


Where to Go from Here 3


Part 1: Getting Started with SPSS 5


Chapter 1: Introducing SPSS 7


SPSS's Job, Our Job, and Your Job 7


SPSS's job 8


Our job 8


Your job 9


Garbage In, Garbage Out: Recognizing the Importance of Good Data 9


Talking to SPSS: Can You Hear Me Now? 12


The graphical user interface 12


Syntax 12


Programmability 13


How SPSS works 13


Getting Help When You Need It 15


Chapter 2: Finding the Best SPSS for You 17


Campus Editions 19


Subscription Plans 20


Commercial Editions 22


What's New in Version 27 24


Chapter 3: Getting to Know SPSS by Running a Simple Session 25


Opening a Dataset 25


Running an Analysis 27


Interpreting Results 30


Creating Graphs 33


Investigating Data 37


Part 2: Getting Data into and out of SPSS 43


Chapter 4: Understanding SPSS Data: Defining Metadata 45


Entering Variable Definitions on the Variable View Tab 46


Name 47


Type 47


Width 51


Decimals 52


Label 52


Values 53


Missing 54


Columns 55


Align 55


Measure 55


Role 56


Entering and Viewing Data Items on the Data View Tab 56


Chapter 5: Opening Data Files 59


Getting Acquainted with the SPSS File Format 59


Reading Simple Data from a Text File 60


Transferring Data from Another Program 65


Reading an Excel file 67


Reading from an unknown program type 68


Saving Data 69


Chapter 6: Getting Data and Results from SPSS 71


Exporting Data to Another Program 71


Navigating SPSS Statistics Viewer 72


Moving SPSS Output to Other Applications 74


Copying and pasting output 74


Exporting output 75


Printing Data 80


Chapter 7: More about Defining Your Data 81


Working with Dates and Times 82


Using the Date and Time Wizard 84


Creating and Using a Multiple-Response Set 86


Copying Data Properties 90


Part 3: Messing with Data in SPSS 95


Chapter 8: The Transform and Data Menus 97


Sorting Cases 97


Selecting the Data You Want to Look At 100


Splitting Data for Easier Analysis 103


Counting Case Occurrences 104


Recoding Variables 107


Recoding into different variables 107


Automatic recoding 110


Binning 113


Optimal Binning 117


Chapter 9: Computing New Variables 119


Calculating a New Variable with a Formula 120


Calculating a New Variable with a Condition 122


Using System Variables 124


Contrasting $Sysmis with SYSMIS 125


Understanding Missing Data in Formulas 127


Efficiently Calculating with Multiple Formulas 129


Chapter 10: Some Useful Functions 133


The LENGTH Function 134


The ANY Function 137


The MEAN Function and Missing Data 139


RND, TRUNC, and MOD 141


Logicals, the MISSING Function, and the NOT Function 143


String Parsing and Nesting Functions 144


Calculating Lags 146


Chapter 11: Combining Files 147


Merging Files by Adding Cases 147


Merging Files by Adding Variables 152


Part 4: Graphing Data 161


Chapter 12: On the Menu: Graphing Choices in SPSS 163


Building Graphs the Chart Builder Way 164


The Gallery tab 164


The Basic Elements tab 168


The Groups/Point ID tab 169


The Titles/Footnotes tab 170


The Element Properties tab 170


The Chart Appearance tab 176


The Options tab 177


Building Graphs with Graphboard Template Chooser 178


Chapter 13: Building Graphs Using Chart Builder 183


Simple Graphs 184


Simple scatterplots 184


Simple dot plots 185


Simple bar graphs 186


Simple error bars 187


Simple histograms 189


Population pyramids 191


Stacked area charts 192


Fancy Graphs 194


Charts with multiple lines 194


Colored scatterplots 196


Scatterplot matrices 198


Stacked bar charts 199


Pie charts 200


Clustered range bar graphs 202


Differenced area graphs 202


Dual-axis graph 204


Fancy Maps Using Graphboard Template Chooser 205


Heat map 206


Choropleth of values 206


Coordinates on a reference map 209


Part 5: Analyzing Data 211


Chapter 14: Using Descriptive Statistics 213


Looking at Levels of Measurement 213


Defining the four levels of measurement 214


Defining summary statistics 215


Focusing on Frequencies for Categorical Variables 217


Understanding Frequencies for Continuous Variables 221


Summarizing Continuous Variables with the


Descriptives Procedure 224


Chapter 15: Knowing When Not to Trust Your Data 227


Sampling 227


Understanding Sample Size 228


Testing Hypotheses 229


Calculating Confidence Intervals 231


Conducting In-Depth Hypothesis Testing 232


Using the Normal Distribution 235


Working with Z-Scores 236


Chapter 16: Testing One Group 239


Conducting Inferential Tests 239


Running the Chi-Square Goodness of Fit Test 240


Running the One-Sample T-Test Procedure 246


Chapter 17: Showing Relationships between Categorical Variables 251


Running the Crosstabs Procedure 252


Running the Chi-Square Test of Independence 256


Comparing Column Proportions 260


Adding Control Variables 261


Creating a Clustered Bar Chart 264


Chapter 18: Showing Relationships between Continuous Dependent and Categorical Independent Variables 267


Conducting Inferential Tests 268


Using the Compare Means Dialog 268


Running the Independent-Samples T-Test Procedure 269


Comparing the Means Graphically 275


Running the Summary Independent-Samples T-Test Procedure 277


Running the Paired-Samples T-Test Procedure 280


Chapter 19: Showing Relationships between Continuous Variables 285


Viewing Relationships 286


Running the Bivariate Procedure 288


Running the Simple Linear Regression Procedure 292


Part 6: Getting More Advanced with Analyzing Data 301


Chapter 20: Doing More Advanced Analyses 303


Running the One-Way ANOVA Procedure 303


Conducting Post Hoc Tests 311


Comparing Means Graphically 314


Running the Multiple Linear Regression Procedure 315


Viewing Relationships 325


Chapter 21: What Is Normal Anyway? 327


Understanding Nonparametric Tests 328


Understanding Distributions 328


Running a Nonparametric Independent Samples Test 331


Running a Nonparametric Related Samples Test 338


Chapter 22: When to Do What 345


Determining Which Statistical Test to Perform 346


Using Advanced Techniques 350


Part 7: Making SPSS Your Own 351


Chapter 23: Changing Settings 353


General Options 354


Language Options 356


Viewer Options 357


Data Options 358


Currency Options 360


Output Options 361


Chart Options 362


Pivot Tables Options 364


File Locations Options 365


Scripts Options 366


Multiple Imputations Options 368


Syntax Editor Options 369


Privacy Options 370


Chapter 24: Editing Charts and Chart Templates 371


Changing and Editing Axes 372


Changing the axis range 372


Scaling the axis range 373


Changing Style: Lines and Symbols 376


Editing chart lines 376


Editing data points 378


Applying Templates 380


Chapter 25: Editing Tables 383


Working with TableLooks 384


Style Output 387


Pivoting Trays 390


Part 8: Programming SPSS with Command Syntax 393


Chapter 26: Getting Acquainted with Syntax 395


Pasting 396


Performing a Series of Related Compute Statements 399


Labeling 400


Repeatedly Generating the Same Report 400


Chapter 27: Adding Syntax to Your Toolkit 403


Your Wish Is My Command 404


Understanding Keywords 405


Declaring Data 406


Commenting Your Way to Clarity 407


Running Your Code 408


Controlling Flow and Executing Conditionals 410


IF 410


DO IF 411


SELECT IF 412


Part 9: The Part of Tens 413


Chapter 28: Ten (or So) Modules You Can Add to SPSS 415


The Advanced Statistics Module 416


The Custom Tables Module 416


The Regression Module 418


The Categories Module 418


The Data Preparation Module 419


The Decision Trees Module 419


The Forecasting Module 420


The Missing Values Module 421


The Bootstrapping Module 421


The Complex Samples Module 422


The Conjoint Module 422


The Direct Marketing Module 422


The Exact Tests Module 423


The Neural Networks Module 424


Chapter 29: Ten Useful SPSS Resources 425


Supporting Websites for This Book 425


LinkedIn and LinkedIn Groups 426


IBM SPSS Statistics Certification 427


IBM Data Science Community 427


SPSSX-L 427


Online Videos 428


Twitter 429


Live Instruction 430


Asynchronous Instruction and Tutorials 431


SPSS Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization 432


Chapter 30: Ten SPSS Statistics Gotchas 433


Failing to Declare Level of Measurement 433


Conflating String Values with Labels 434


Failing to Declare Missing Data 435


Failing to Find Add-on Modules and Plug-Ins 435


Failing to Meet Statistical and Software Assumptions 437


Confusing Pasting Syntax with Copy and Paste 438


Thinking You Create Variables in SPSS as You Do in Excel 438


Getting Confused by Listwise Deletion 439


Losing Track of Your Active Dataset 440


Forgetting to Turn Off Select and Split and Weight 441


Index 443

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