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Indigenous Sacred Natural Sites and Spiritual Governance

Indigenous Sacred Natural Sites and Spiritual Governance

Autorzy
Wydawnictwo Routledge
Data wydania 01/10/2018
Wydanie Pierwsze
Liczba stron 120
Forma publikacji książka w twardej oprawie
Poziom zaawansowania Dla szkół wyższych i kształcenia podyplomowego
Język angielski
ISBN 9781138316232
Kategorie Religie plemienne, Antropologia, Prawo dotyczące środowiska
230.00 PLN (z VAT)
$59.38 / €50.13 / £45.31 /
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Opis książki

Since time immemorial indigenous people have engaged in legal relationships with other-than-human-persons. These relationships are exemplified in enspirited sacred natural sites, which are owned and governed by numina spirits that can potentially place legal demands on humankind in return for protection and blessing. Although conservationists recognise the biodiverse significance of most sacred natural sites, the role of spiritual agency by other-than-human-persons is not well understood. Consequently, sacred natural sites typically lack legal status and IUCN-designated protection. More recent ecocentric and posthuman worldviews and polycentric legal frameworks have allowed courts and legislatures to grant 'rights' to nature and 'juristic personhood' and standing to biophysical entities. This book examines the indigenous literature and recent legal cases as a pretext for granting juristic personhood to enspirited sacred natural sites. The author draws on two decades of his research among Tibetans in Kham (southwest China), to provide a detailed case study. It is argued that juristic personhood is contingent upon the presence and agency of a resident numina and that recognition should be given to their role in spiritual governance over their jurisdiction. The book concludes by recommending that advocacy organisations help indigenous people with test cases to secure standing for threatened sacred natural sites (SNS) and calls upon IUCN, UNESCO (MAB and WHS), ASEAN Heritage and EuroNatura to retrospectively re-designate their properties, reserves, parks and initiatives so that SNS and spiritual governance are fully recognised and embraced. It will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers in environmental law, nature conservation, religion and anthropology. "I have always thought that sacred sites make an important contribution to species conservation in many places around the world. Here is the carefully prepared evidence that duly describes and respects the beliefs of indigenous peoples. The conservation of biological species and of indigenous cultures belong hand-in-hand. Nowhere is this more apparent that in the many sacred sites described here. They urgently need adequate legal standing so clearly outlined. This is a compelling plea for greater realisation of the important contribution of Sacred Natural Sites to conservation and for better legal protection and understanding of their spiritual nature". - Professor Sir Ghillean Prance FRS, VMH author of That Glorious Forest: Exploring the Pl

Indigenous Sacred Natural Sites and Spiritual Governance

Spis treści

1 INDIGENOUS SACRED NATURAL SITES WITH REFERENCE TO TIBET



Sacred Natural Site: An Overview


The Sacred Natural Sites of Tibet


The role of Tibetan Spirits of Place in Spiritual Governance


The role of local Tibetan people in the ritual protection of SNS


The status and scale of enspirited SNS and their spiritual governance


The legal status of enspirited SNS


2 THEORETICAL BASIS FOR POST-ANTHROPOCENTRIC APPROACHES TO NATURE AND JURISPRUDENCE



Ecocentric Themes


Posthuman Relational Themes


Polycentric Legal Frameworks


3 INDIGENOUS SPIRITUAL ECOLOGY



Animism


Shamanism


Spiritual owners-masters of Land and Flora & Fauna


Personhood


Kinship


Covenants (of reciprocity or ritual exchange)


Reciprocity


Equilibrium


Auditing


Relational Ontologies


Agency


Sui generis norms


4 LEGAL BACKGROUND TO JURISTIC PERSONHOOD



The doctrine of Public Trusts


Granting Legal Status to Non-human Persons


Legal Status for Mother Earth


Granting Recognition to Sacred Natural Sites


5 LEGISLATIVE CHRONOLOGY OF CASES



Te Urewera, New Zealand


Mount Mauna Kea, Hawaii


Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River), New Zealand


The Ganges River, India


Uttarakhand Himalaya, India


The Atrato River, Colombia


Grizzly Bear Spirit valley or Qat'muk, Canada


Mount Taranaki, New Zealand


6 LITIGATION TO DATE



Ecuador


USA (Pennsylvania)


India


Gaining judicial traction for 'Rights of Nature' and Juristic Personhood


7 CASE STUDY: RITUAL PROTECTION OF SNS IN THE TIBETAN REGION OF KHAM (SW CHINA)



Kham


Peoples of Eastern Kham


History


Kham-ba Identity


Cultural Context


Environmental Perception


The status of SNS and the gzhi bdag cult in Eastern Kham


Lay participation in the Ritual Protection of SNS in Eastern Kham (with special reference to Danba County)


8 THE CHALLENGE OF PERPETUATING SNS



Institutional support for SNS


Matching Indigenous beliefs with modern jurisprudence


Congruence with animism


Legal acceptance


The question of Guardians


Scaling-Up


Establishing priorities


Ensuring standing for nature spirits (or environmental spirits)


9 HOW CAN SACRED NATURAL SITES BEST BE PROSECUTED

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