This book provides a comprehensive overview of the different water-associated infectious diseases and their linked pathogens with plausible strategies for their mitigation. Although, we are in the era of 21st century having most of the advanced technologies at hand, yet water-associated infectious diseases are the major contributors towards the worldwide morbidity and mortality. The book also focuses on the various implementation strategies of sustainable hygienic conditions, discusses the robust, and reliable policies and strategies on a global aspect to provide unprivileged people access to the basic sanitation, hygiene and water. In addition, the book discusses the possible indirect effect of global warming on the spread of infectious diseases through the distribution of associated vectors.
Water-Associated Infectious Diseases
Chapter 1. Introduction- Chapter 2. Etiological agents of Water Associated Infectious Diseases (WAID).- Chapter 2.1. Water-borne.- Chapter 2.2. Water-based.- Chapter 2.3. Water-related.- Chapter 2.4. Water-washed.- Chapter 2.5. Water-dispersed.- Chapter 3. Evaluation and interplay of human water associated pathogens.- Chapter 4. Epidemiology of water associated disease.- Chapter 4.1. Water associated pathogens, diseases and primary source of infection.- Chapter 5. Emerging and re-emerging water associated Infectious Diseases.- - Chapter 7. Hazards associated with contaminated water.- Chapter 7.1. Human pathogens transmitted from drinking water or recreational settings.- Chapter 8. Global strategies and schemes for prevention of water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 8.1. Water safety plans (WSPs).- Chapter 8.2. Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS).- Chapter 8.3. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme.- Chapter 8.4. CDC's Safe water system.- Chapter 8.5. Swachh Bharat Mission-Open Defecation Free India.- Chapter 9. Novel approaches to detect water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 10. Treatment of water to prevent WAID.- Chapter 10.1. Steps towards preventing water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 10.1. Improved water sources.- Chapter 10.2. Improving the water at the point of use.- Chapter 10.3. Maintenance of basic hygiene facility.- Chapter 10.4. Limiting the vector transmission of water associated infectious pathogens.- Chapter 10.5. Disposal of excreta and management of solid waste and dead bodies.- Chapter 10.6. Drugs and vaccines.- Chapter 11. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in alliance with Conventional Medicine (CM) for water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 11.1. Principles of CAM.- Chapter 11.2. Historical perspective of CAM.- Chapter 11.3. Salient features of CAM.- Chapter 11.4. The advantage of CAM and its integration with healthcare.- Chapter 12. Treatment for water associated infectious diseases. Chapter 12.1. Typhoid. Chapter 12.2. Bacillus dysentery. Chapter 12.3. Cholera.- Chapter 12.4. Enteropathogenic E.coli.- Chapter 12.5. Yersinia enterocolitica.- Chapter 12.6. Campylobacter jejuni.- Chapter 12.7. Pseudomonas aeruginosa.- Chapter 12.8. Aeromonas.- Chapter 12.9. Legionellosis.- Chapter 12.10. Leptospirosis.- Chapter 12.11. Helicobacter pylori.- Chapter 12.12. Polio virus. .- Chapter 12.13. Coxasackie viruses A.- Chapter 12.14. Coxasackie viruses B.- Chapter 12.15. Echo viruses.- Chapter 12.16. Rotaviruses.- Chapter 12.17. Adenoviruses.- Chapter 12.18. Hepatitis A virus.- Chapter 12.19. Hepatitis E virus.- Chapter 12.20. Norovirus.- Chapter 12.21. Cryptosporidium homonis.- Chapter 12.22. Entamoeba histolytica.- Chapter 12.23. Giardia lamblia.- Chapter 12.24. Naegleria fowleri- Chapter 12.25. Ascaris lumbricoides- Chapter 12.26. Malaria- Chapter 12.27. Filaria- Chapter 12.28.Japanese encephalitis.- Chapter 12.29.Dengue fever- Chapter 12.30. Zika virus- Chapter 12.31. West Nile- Chapter 12.32. Yellow fever.- Chapter 12.33. Treatment for water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 13. Economic assessment of water associated infectious diseases.- Chapter 14. Conclusions.- Chapter 15. Future Perspectives.