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This wide-ranging presentation of applied superconductivity, from fundamentals and materials right up to the details of many applications, is an essential reference for physicists and engineers in academic research as well as in industry. Readers looking for a comprehensive overview on basic effects related to superconductivity and superconducting materials will expand their knowledge and understanding of both low and high Tc superconductors with respect to their application. Technology, preparation and characterization are covered for bulk, single crystals, thins fi lms as well as electronic devices, wires and tapes. The main benefit of this work lies in its broad coverage of significant applications in magnets, power engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will find information on superconducting magnets for diverse applications like particle physics, fusion research, medicine, and biomagnetism as well as materials processing.
SQUIDs and their usage in medicine or geophysics are thoroughly covered, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, aspects on superconductor digital electronics, leading readers to quantum computing and new devices.
Conductorart by Claus Grupen (drawing) XX Preface XXI List of Contributors XXIII 1 Fundamentals 1 1.1 Superconductivity 1 1.1.1 Basic Properties and Parameters of Superconductors 1 Reinhold Kleiner References 25 1.1.2 Review on Superconducting Materials 26 Roland Hott, Reinhold Kleiner, ThomasWolf, and Gertrud Zwicknagl References 44 1.2 Main Related Effects 49 1.2.1 Proximity Effect 49 Mikhail Belogolovskii 1.2.2 Tunneling and Superconductivity 66 Steven T. Ruggiero References 74 1.2.3 Flux Pinning 76 Stuart C.Wimbush References 90 1.2.4 AC Losses and Numerical Modeling of Superconductors 93 Francesco Grilli and Frederic Sirois References 102 2 Superconducting Materials 105 2.1 Low-Temperature Superconductors 105 2.1.1 Metals, Alloys, and Intermetallic Compounds 105 Helmut Krauth and Klaus Schlenga Acknowledgments 127 References 128 2.1.2 Magnesium Diboride 129 Davide Nardelli, Ilaria Pallecchi, and Matteo Tropeano References 148 2.2 High-Temperature Superconductors 152 2.2.1 Cuprate High-Temperature Superconductors 152 Roland Hott and ThomasWolf References 163 2.2.2 Iron-Based Superconductors: Materials Aspects for Applications 166 Ilaria Pallecchi and Marina Putti References 188 3 Technology, Preparation, and Characterization 193 3.1 Bulk Materials 193 3.1.1 Preparation of Bulk and Textured Superconductors 193 Frank N.Werfel References 219 3.1.2 Single crystal growth of the high temperature superconducting cuprates 222 Andreas Erb 3.1.3 Properties of Bulk Materials 231 Gunter Fuchs, Gernot Krabbes, andWolf-Rudiger Canders References 245 3.2 Thin Films and Multilayers 247 3.2.1 Thin Film Deposition 247 Roger Wordenweber Acknowledgment 277 References 277 3.3 Josephson Junctions and Circuits 281 3.3.1 LTS Josephson Junctions and Circuits 281 Hans-Georg Meyer, Ludwig Fritzsch, Solveig Anders, Matthias Schmelz, Jurgen Kunert, and Gregor Oelsner References 298 3.3.2 HTS Josephson Junctions 306 Keiichi Tanabe References 324 3.4 Wires and Tapes 328 3.4.1 Powder-in-Tube SuperconductingWires: Fabrication, Properties, Applications, and Challenges 328 Tengming Shen, Jianyi Jiang, and Eric Hellstrom Acknowledgments 348 References 348 3.4.2 YBCO-Coated Conductors 355 Mariappan Parans Paranthaman, Tolga Aytug, Liliana Stan, Quanxi Jia, and Claudia Cantoni Acknowledgments 364 References 364 3.5 Cooling 366 3.5.1 Fluid Cooling 366 Luca Bottura and Cesar Luongo Referenc