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Modern Raman Spectroscopy

Modern Raman Spectroscopy

Authors
Publisher Blackwell Science
Year 01/04/2019
Edition First
Pages 256
Version hardback
Readership level Professional and scholarly
Language English
ISBN 9781119440550
Categories Spectrum analysis, spectrochemistry, mass spectrometry, Biotechnology
$78.20 (with VAT)
296.00 PLN / €65.00 / £56.15
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Book description

Second edition of the guide to the modern techniques that demonstrate the potential of Raman spectroscopy Completely revised and updated, the second edition of Modern Raman Spectroscopy presents the information needed for clear understanding and application of the technique of Raman Spectroscopy in a range of areas such as pharmaceuticals, forensics, and biology. The authors-noted experts on the topic-reveal how to make full use of the critical information presented and include a wealth of examples of the pitfalls that can be encountered. The text opens with a description of the basic theory to assist readers in making a practical interpretation of Raman Spectra. Chapters include the main equations that are used in order to highlight the theory's meaning and relevance while avoiding a full mathematical treatment. Modern Raman Spectroscopy provides a firm grounding, combined with a variety of references, from which to approach a more comprehensive study of specific aspects of Raman Spectroscopy. This new edition: Includes instrumentation sections that now contain Spatially Offset Raman scattering and transmission Raman scattering Offers an updated SERS chapter that presents recent examples and Tip enhanced Raman scattering Contains updated information with an emphasis on pharmaceutical, forensic, and biological applications Introduces modern techniques in the imaging and mapping of biological samples and more advanced methods which are becoming easier to use Written for users of Raman Spectroscopy in industry, including non-analysts, researchers, and academics, the second edition of Modern Raman Spectroscopy clearly demonstrates the potential of using Raman Spectroscopy for a wide range of applications.

Modern Raman Spectroscopy

Table of contents

Preface ix


Acknowledgements xi


Chapter 1 Introduction, Basic Theory and Principles 1


1.1 Introduction 1


1.2 History 2


1.3 Basic Theory 2


1.4 Molecular Vibrations 8


1.5 Group Vibrations 11


1.6 Basic Interpretation of a Spectrum 13


1.7 Summary 19


Chapter 2 The Raman Experiment - Raman Instrumentation, Sample Presentation, Data Handling and Practical Aspects of Interpretation 21


2.1 Introduction 21


2.2 Choice of Instrument 22


2.3 Transmission Raman Scattering and Spatially Offset Raman Scattering 29


2.4 Raman Sample Preparation and Handling 30


2.4.1 Sample Mounting - Optical Considerations 31


2.4.2 Raman Sample Handling 34


2.5 Sample Mounting Accessories 40


2.5.1 Small Fibres, Films, Liquids and Powders 40


2.5.2 Variable Temperature and Pressure Cells 40


2.5.3 Special Applications - Thin Films, Surfaces and Catalysts 42


2.5.4 Reaction Cells, Flow Through Cells, Sample Changers and Automated Mounts 44


2.6 Fibre?Optic Coupling and Wave Guides 45


2.7 Microscopy 49


2.7.1 Raman Microscopes 49


2.7.2 Depth Profiling 51


2.7.3 Imaging and Mapping 51


2.8 Calibration 56


2.9 Data Manipulation, Presentation and Quantitation 59


2.9.1 Manipulation of Spectra for Presentation 59


2.9.2 Presentation of Spectra 63


2.9.3 Quantitation 64


2.10 An Approach to Qualitative Interpretation 66


2.10.1 Factors to Consider in the Interpretation of a Raman Spectrum of an Unknown Sample 67


2.10.1.1 Knowledge of the Sample and Sample Preparation Effects 68


2.10.1.2 Instrument and Software Effects 69


2.10.1.3 The Spectrum 69


2.10.2 Computer?Aided Spectrum Interpretation 70


2.10.3 Spectra Formats for Transfer and Exchange of Data 73


2.11 Summary 74


Chapter 3 The Theory of Raman Spectroscopy 77


3.1 Introduction 77


3.2 Absorption and Scattering 78


3.3 States of a System and Hooke's Law 79


3.4 The Basic Selection Rule 82


3.5 Number and Symmetry of Vibrations 83


3.6 The Mutual Exclusion Rule 84


3.7 Understanding Polarizability 85


3.8 Polarizability and the Measurement of Polarization 89


3.9 Symmetry Elements and Point Groups 93


3.10 Lattice Modes 97


3.11 Summary 98


Chapter 4 Resonance Raman Scattering 101


4.1 Introduction 101


4.2 The Basic Process 102


4.3 Key Differences Between Resonance and Normal Raman Scattering 102


4.3.1 Intensity Increase 103


4.3.2 Franck Condon and Herzberg Teller Scattering 105


4.3.3 Overtones 108


4.3.4 Wavelength Dependence 109


4.3.5 Electronic Information 111


4.4 Practical Aspects 113


4.5 Summary 116


Chapt

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