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Nobel Prize & Laureates 2019
2019-10-07

NOBEL PRIZES AND LAUREATES

Between 1901 and 2018, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 590 times to 935 people and organisations. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.

A person or organisation awarded the Nobel Prize is called Nobel Laureate. The word “laureate” refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour.


2019 Nobel Laureates

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 1. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS

James Peebles
Prize motivation: "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology"

Michel Mayor
Prize Motivation: "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star"

Didier Queloz
Prize Motivation: "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star"

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2. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY

John B. Goodenough
Prize motivation: "for the development of lithium-ion batteries"

M. Stanley Whittingham
Prize Motivation: "for the development of lithium-ion batteries"

Akira Yoshino
Prize Motivation: "for the development of lithium-ion batteries"

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3. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE

William G. Kaelin Jr
Prize motivation: "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability."

Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe
Prize Motivation: "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability"

Gregg L. Semenza
Prize Motivation: "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability"

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4. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE

Olga Tokarczuk (2018)
Prize Motivation: "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life."

Peter Handke (2019)
Prize Motivation: "for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience."

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5. THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

Abiy Ahmed Ali
Prize Motivation: "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea"

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6. THE SVERIGES RIKSBANK PRIZE IN ECONOMIC SCIENCES

Abhijit Banerjee
Prize motivation: "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"
Check publications >>

Esther Duflo
Prize Motivation: "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"
Check publications >>

Michael Kremer
Prize Motivation: "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"
Check publications >>


Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/


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