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Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2020
2020-10-07

NOBEL PRIZES AND LAUREATES

Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 597 times to 950 people and organisations. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.

A person or organisation awarded the Nobel Prize is called Nobel Laureate. The word “laureate” refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour.


2020 Nobel Laureates

1. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS

Roger Penrose

Prize motivation: "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity"

Reinhard Genzel

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy"

Andrea Ghez

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy"

2. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY

Emmanuelle Charpentier

Prize motivation: "for the development of a method for genome editing"

Jennifer A. Doudna

Prize motivation: "for the development of a method for genome editing"

3. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE

Harvey J. Alter

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus"

Michael Houghton

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus"

Charles M. Rice

Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus"

4. THE NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE

Louise Glück

Prize motivation: "for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal"

5. THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

World Food Programme (WFP)

Prize motivation: "for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict"

6. THE SVERIGES RIKSBANK PRIZE IN ECONOMIC SCIENCES

Paul R. Milgrom

Prize motivation: "for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats"

Robert B. Wilson

Prize motivation: "for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats"


Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/

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