This book analyses democratization and democracy in South Korea since 1960. The book starts with an analysis of the distinctive characteristics of bureaucratic authoritarianism and how democratic transition had been possible after inconclusive and protracted "tug of war" between authoritarian regime and democratic opposition. It then goes on to explore what the opportunities and constraints to the new democracy are to be a consolidated democracy, how new democracy had changed the industrial relations in the post-transition period, how premodern political culture such as Confucian patrimonialism and familism had obstructed democratic consolidation, and the improvement of quality of democracy. The author compares empirically, from the perspective of a comparative political scientist, political regime superiority of democracy over authoritarianism with regard to economic development. He concludes that "democratic incompetence" theory has been proven wrong and, in South Korea, democracy has performed better than authoritarian regimes in terms of economic growth with equity, employment, distribution of income, trade balance, and inflation.
This book will benefit political scientists, development economists, labor economists, religious sociologists, military sociologists, and historians focusing on East Asian history.
Democratization and Democracy in South Korea, 1960-Present
1. Introduction: My democratization studies in retrospect.2. The rise of bureaucratic authoritarianism in South Korea.3. Recasting Park Chung Hee's authoritarianism: myths, reality, and legacies.4. Politics of democratic transition from authoritarian rule in South Korea.5. Christian churches and democratization in South Korea.6. Opportunities and constraints to democratic consolidation in South Korea.7. From affiliation to association: the challenge of democratic consolidation in Korean industrial relations.8. Faltering democratic consolidation in South Korea: democracy at the end of Three Kims era.9. The development and change of Korean democracy since democratic transition in 1987: Three Kims Politics and after.10. Democratic development and authoritarian development compared.11. Better democracy, better economic growth?