Based on sweeping research in six languages, Black Resettlement and the American Civil War
offers the first comprehensive, comparative account of nineteenth-century America's greatest road not taken: the mass resettlement of African Americans outside the United States. Building on resurgent scholarly interest in the so-called 'colonization' movement, the book goes beyond tired debates about colonization's place in the contest over slavery, and beyond the familiar black destinations of Liberia, Canada, and Haiti. Striding effortlessly from Pittsburgh to Panama, Toronto to Trinidad, and Lagos to Louisiana, it synthesizes a wealth of individual, state-level, and national considerations to reorient the field and set a new standard for Atlantic history. Along the way, it shows that what haunted politicians from Thomas Jefferson to Abraham Lincoln was not whether it was right to abolish slavery, but whether it was safe to do so unless the races were separated.
Black Resettlement and the American Civil War
Introduction; 1. The Revival of 'Colonization,' to 1861; 2. The Revival of 'Emigration,' to 1862; 3. The Republican Party and Resettlement, to 1863; 4. Resettlement in Latin America, to 1864; 5. Resettlement in the European West Indies, to 1865; 6. Alternatives to Foreign Resettlement, to 1868; Epilogue.